Casino Time

Blackjack History and Origins

Blackjack is the most widely played game in the casinos throughout the world. The game is also well known as twenty-one due to 21 being its highest point value. Blackjack is famous for being the easiest game to play (you can up your chances of winning by learning how to count cards) and is considered a big ‘’hit’’ even for the novices. Blackjack is a game of cards comparison between the player and the dealer in which the players do not compete amongst themselves rather they compete with the dealer. More than one deck of 52 cards can be used to play Blackjack, while the aim is to attain 21 points or higher than the dealer without exceeding 21. Learn how to play Blackjack here.

Blackjack history - dice and chip


The reason for Blackjack’s fame is that it offers several advantages to the players which are missing in other casino games. One of the most important advantages is that it gives a chance to the players to alter their risk at any point in the game when the circumstances are favoring them. The game thus gives numerous money making opportunities to the players along with a great gambling experience.


The history of blackjack

The history of blackjack - a flush of cards

The background story/history of blackjack and the origin of the game is a hot debate till this date. There has been no certain agreement over the ancestry of the game however, the majority of the researchers agree that it initiated in French casinos in around 17th century where it was named as ‘’Vingt-et-Un’’, which refers to twenty-one in French. It is also a general perception that Blackjack has been deduced from the French card games, Chemin de Fer, and French Ferme, which were in fashion during those times.

Another form of Blackjack was common in Spain and was known as ‘’One and Thirty’’. The objective of this particular version was to attain a score of 31 with a minimum of three cards. Romans are also rumored to be behind the origins of Blackjack as they are famous for their love for gambling, but that by no means confirm that it was initiated by the Romans.


The modern history of Blackjack

Blackjack cards and chips

The game gained popularity in Nevada in 1931 and was still known as 21 even after gambling got legal by the State of Nevada. In order to heighten the popularity of the game, a special bet was introduced by the casinos in which either of the black jacks, Jack of Spades and the Jack of Clubs, plus the Ace of Spades would pay 10-1 odds on the player’s bet. Though, the bet was later on discontinued in the casinos but the name black jack caught on and the game is recognized today by that beloved name.

The revolution of Blackjack is not just confined to its rules which are being devised now and then; but also technology has made this game a tough shot for the players. An Irish student, Wesley Cooper, has devised a system for detecting cheating in Blackjack by using ‘’smart’’ video cameras and statistical analysis. Cooper’s system identifies the anomalies during the games and develops the profiles of the players. Thus, now Blackjack is beatable if you have a good math brain.

Blackjack is a game which has been evolving over the centuries and continues to evolve and grow till date. It has not been invented or conceived by one single person at one point in time. The emergence of internet has further fueled its popularity and has given rise to online casino industry which has given numerous editions of the game that has totally transformed it. There are also a number of popular blackjack books and blackjack movies about this popular card game. But despite the transformations, the game is as loved as it was centuries ago, giving it a timeless appeal.

Now you know the background, you’re ready to play. Start playing Blackjack now.

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